Maximum Sample Size: 5×5 cm²
Maximum Sample Height: 1 cm
Minimum training time to use the machine: In-depth training
Spectra are obtained by irradiating a solid surface with a X-rays beam while simultaneously measuring the kinetic energy of electrons that are emitted from the top 1-10 nm of the material being analyzed. A spectrum is recorded by counting ejected electrons over a range of electron kinetic energies. The energies and intensities of the photoelectron peaks enable identification and quantification of all surface elements (except hydrogen).
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