CNRS Postdoc – Advanced spectral analysis of hot carriers photoluminescence for solar cell applications

31/05/2022

Function: Postdoctoral researcher

Contract Type: CDD

Starting Date: ASAP

Working Place: UMR IPVF, 18 boulevard Thomas Gobert, 91120 Palaiseau (FRANCE)

Duration: 18 months

Education: PhD in Physics or related

IPVF IN BRIEF

Become an actor of the Energy Transition by joining a team driven by innovation and impact to address today’s most decisive challenges.

IPVF – Institut Photovoltaïque d’Île-de-France, is a global Research, Innovation and Education center, which mission is to accelerate energy transition through science & technology.
Gathering industrial PV leaders (EDF, TotalEnergies, Air Liquide, Horiba and Riber) and world-renowned academic research organizations (CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique), multi-disciplinary and international IPVF teams conduct research for clean energy technologies. Supported by the French State, IPVF is labelled Institute for Energy Transition (ITE).

Research activities range from silicon technologies to thin film technologies based on CIGS, III-V or perovskites. The IPVF hosts about 150 researchers from different backgrounds, specializing in physics, chemistry, materials science, optics and nanoscience, in a stimulating research environment.

IPVF at a glance:
• An ambitious Scientific and Technological Program (6 programs divided in 24 work packages): from tandem solar cell technologies to economy & market assessment, state-of-the art characterization, photocatalysis and breakthrough concepts.
• State-of-the-art technological platform (8,000m²): more than 100 cutting-edge equipments worth €30M, located in cleanrooms (advanced characterization, materials deposition, prototypes for fabrication, modelling…).
• High-standard Education program (M.S. and PhD students).

 

JOB CONTEXT

This post doc takes place in the framework of the ICEMAN ANR project (Improvement of photovoltaic Conversion Efficiency by acting on thermalization MecANisms) which gathers 5 labs (IPVF, C2N, LPCNO, IN2MP and FOTON) to investigate Hot Carriers Solar Cells (HCSC).
When high energy photons are absorbed in a material, carriers are photo-generated with a large of kinetic energy above the band edge. In most cases, this excess in energy is quickly dissipated, and carriers form a quasi-thermal distribution at the lattice temperature. However, in some well-tailored devices, it is possible to slow down this relaxation such that carriers form a “hot” distribution instead. Hot carriers have a large span of consequences for the device operation, some negative (hot carriers induced degradation in silicon transistors), some positive (pathway to very high efficiency of solar energy conversion, advanced cooling applications for ICT).
The ICEMAN project aims at producing a proof of concept for a full HCSC. Our team at IPVF has developed a strong expertise in the optical characterization of hot carriers with spectral + spatial resolution (hyperspectral) and spectral + temporal resolution (streak camera). Within the consortium, our contribution is therefore to characterize and understand the properties and dynamics of photogenerated hot carriers through photoluminescence.


MAIN MISSIONS

This post doc project will address two objectives:


1. Perform extensive optical characterization of HCSC devices developed for the ICEMAN project. This task will require experimental acquisition, optical modeling and data analysis. The aim of these studies is to assess the performance of the device, and to provide guidance for the design and the improvement of the next batch of samples.


2. Develop further strategies to investigate and understand the dynamics of hot carriers. This task will be more precisely define with the post doc researcher, but could notably address bridging the gap between steady state and time resolved analysis ; or investigate the thermoelectric properties governing hot carriers transport (Seebeck effect).

 

This work will be carried in collaboration with a PhD student (already recruited) and supervised by two senior researchers (D. Suchet & JF Guillemoles).

 

Recent publications :
• H. Esmaielpour et al., “Impact of excitation energy on hot carrier properties in InGaAs MQW structure”, (accepted in Prog. in Photovoltaics, 2022).
• H. Esmaielpour, et al. ,”Hot carrier relaxation and inhibited thermalization in superlattice heterostructures: the potential for phonon management”, Applied Physics Letter (Featured Article) 118.21, 213902 (2021).
• M. Giteau, et al., “Identification of separate surface and volume thermalization mechanisms in hot-carrier solar cells”, Journal of Applied Physics 128.19 193102 (2020).
• D.T. Nguyen et al, “Quantitative experimental assessment of hot carrier-enhanced solar cells at room temperature” Nature Energy 3, pages236–242 (2018)

 

PROFILE

Solid background in optics, data acquisition and analysis.

 

 

CONTACT

CV and cover letter to be sent to: daniel.suchet@polytechnique.edu

Need a direct line?

Feel free to contact us for more information about our offers.

  • +33(0)1 69 86 58 60
  • contact@ipvf.fr
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